There has been horse racing of sorts for numerous several years. Horse racing started in Assyria in c. 1500 B.C. and Chariot Racing was a popular occasion in Roman Times. It was in truth the Romans who are believed to have ran the very first horse race in the UK, however the very first real taped occasion of a conference remained in 1174, this occurred at a horse fair in the north-west part of London called Smithfield.
The Royal Household lag much of the historical advancements that formed and altered racing for many years, with Henry II importing horses particularly for reproducing and Charles II being the first to introduce a set of rules in 1664 (for the Newmarket Town Plate). It was in 1752 the Jockey Club formed and penned The Rules of Racing.
Very first horse races
The Derby is the earliest flat race having begun in 1780 at the Earl of Derby's estate in Epsom, it was worked on a sweepstakes basis and is still naturally being run every year now, as is the Grand National which was first run in 1856, however the first documented nationwide hunt (as we know it now) race remained in Cork, Ireland in 1752, it was a 4 miles 5 furlongs contest in between two church steeples which is the reason the term 'steeplechase' was coined.
Function and types of horse racing
The function of a H.race is to determine the fastest of 2 or more horses over a specific range with the first horse to cross the winning line being the winner.
Horse Racing Classifications - Flat
In the UK and Ireland there are 3 variations of race categories. The very first is Flat Racing, where horses run over a distance in between 5 furlongs and 2 miles 6 furlongs on turf. The flat season starts in March and goes through to November with varying quality of races with Group 1 contests being the greatest. The youngest horses contending on the flat are 2 years of ages.
Horse Racing Categories - All Weather condition
All Weather Racing is the second race classification and is similar to flat racing aside from contests take place on a synthetic surface area, which can be used throughout the year (hence the name All Weather condition). horse racing Many of the All Weather H.racing tracks likewise have floodlit tracks meaning they can provide night racing.
Horse Racing Classifications - National Hunt
The 3rd category is National Hunt where horses compete on turf over longer ranges varying from 1 mile 6 furlongs (really minimal variety of junior bumper races) and 4 miles 4 furlongs. Within National Hunt there are further classification types, these are Bumpers (also referred to as National Hunt Flat races) where there are no barriers and are focused on giving horses the experience of competing on a race track, Chases after where the competitors should clear hurdles and fences where they must jump hurdles. This implies for example that you can have a handicap chase or a maiden obstacle etc. The difference in between an obstacle and a fence is quite significant with a fence being sturdier and greater. A difficulty race will just include obstacles whereas a chase can contain a variety of barriers consisting of water jumps and ditches in addition to fences.
Horse Racing Classification
Within each classification of racing there are various types of contests depending on a horse's experience and capability. Typically races are categorised by an age group (for instance 4 year olds+) and/or a main score bracket (a score provided to each horse by the handicapper based on its efficiency to this day). Maiden races are for horses who have not yet won a race. Handicaps are when a horse is weighted dependent on its previous ability - in a perfect world, a handicap ought to lead to all horses crossing the finish line at the same time. Nursery races are handicap races on the flat/all weather condition for two years of age horses. Non handicaps are when all horses carry the very same weight (although this figure can be adjusted based upon penalties used as set out in the race terms - for instance the rules might mention that all horses will bring 9 stone however that an additional weight of 3 pounds will be applied to horses who have actually won in the last 6 weeks).